Thinking critically is one of the central issues on the education agenda today as results of the fast developments in media technologies which has expanded our access to information but not necessarily our in-depth understanding of the knowledge. More than ever pupils must be able to cope creatively with the virtual environments of the media. Critical thinking (CT) about the media – critical media literacy - enables students to navigate their lives in our so-called “digital society”. It also embodies the ideas of education for democratic values as it endows students with the ability to think critically and to make reasonable civic decisions in their lives. What is CT about the media? How do we prepare students to be critical media thinkers? These are some of the complex questions that motivated this innovative book. It is based on an original study, which included interviews and media tests with primary school pupils in Israel, as part of doctoral studies at the University of Liverpool. The book provides meaningful insight into the interrelationships between media literacy and CT and how to engage pupils teachers and parents in critical media inquiry.