Hospitals in Bangladesh pose significant threat on health and environment and there is an urgent need to raise awareness and educational training on medical waste management. This book discusses the importance of medical waste management which includes waste handling, collection and disposal, the knowledge and awareness of individuals involved in healthcare establishments, the potential impacts of the waste stream on both human health and environment. The book proposes different ways for effective treatment and disposal of medical wastes from the healthcare establishments in an environmentally friendly manner in Bangladesh. This book discusses the different types of medical waste, effects of medical wastes, proper management system of medical waste defined by WHO and other International Organizations, laws and policies developed and other. The book illustrates various problems, solutions successes and failures with medical waste management and real life case studies both in the Bangladesh and Global Contexts. Finally the book recommends some simple changes in policy and integration among government and private sectors to bring changes in medical waste management.