The world human population is growing at a rate much faster than food production and this increase is mainly in developing countries, which are unable to assure adequate food for their people. Developing countries have nearly 2/3rd of the world’s livestock population, but produce less than a third of the world's meat and a fifth of its milk. Similarly, in spite of large livestock population in Ethiopia, the productivity remains marginal due mainly to malnutrition, prevalent diseases and management problems. Bovine hydatidosis and bovine cysticercosis are the most important parasitic diseases of livestock that has both economic and public health significance. This book, therefore, provides the ongoing distribution of bovine metacestodes, public health and economic impact of the disease in animals and humans in the tropics specifically Ethiopia. The finding of the present book should be useful for professional who are responsible for maintaining the health of human, animals. In addition, it is helpful for policy makers in order to enact new strategy to control these diseases.