BRITISH COLONIAL RULE IN THE NORTHWESTERN PROVINCE, discusses the nature of societies in that area which is coterminous with present day Upper West Region, their encounter with British Colonial Administration as well as the impact of British Colonial policies on the development of the area. At the dawn of British Colonial intrusion, the Northwestern province was plagued by tensions and insecurity caused by the raiding activities of Babatu and Samory. Having restored peace and security to the area, the Colonial Administration introduced and implemented certain political, social and economic policies in the province which they governed as part of the protectorate. However, an evaluation of the Colonial Administration’s stewardship on the eve of Ghana’s independence in 1957, pointed to the fact that, their policies did not elicit any noticeable development in the area. This was due largely to the lukewarm attitude towards provision of education, the half-hearted approach and discriminatory nature of health delivery and development of economic resources very crucial to the advancement of the lives of the citizens.