One of the chronic illnesses among elderly people is dementia. The major problem which can be seen in dementia patients is a dysfunction of brain which affects patients’ cognitive skills, speech, ability to make decisions, and difficulty performing activities. As a consequence of dementia, patients might have behavioural problems, such as aggressive behaviour. This study utilised the fact that there is no significant strategy for managing aggression effectively. This book, therefore, provides several strategies in managing aggression in dementia clients in Indonesia.This study employed a hermeneutic phenomenological approach so that caregivers were able to explore the phenomenon of aggression by dementia residents in the nursing home. Several strategies have been used by caregivers to manage aggressive behaviour among dementia residents: becoming empathic, providing distance and altering contact, calming and reducing anxiety, providing basic needs and encouragement, and pharmacological therapy. Other strategies for managing dementia residents with aggression: social activities and religious activities.