The future survival of the global biodiversity depends on how the rapidly expanding human population is going to manage protected areas to preserve nature. The eeconomically weaker developing nations in the tropics harbor enormous amount of terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity. India for example, is a land of diversity and an emerging economy in Asia. While the enduring economic recession is dragging many nations in recent years, India’s economy has been projected to grow steadily. Due to aggressive developmental activities, India faces enormous environmental problems that range from polluting industries to increasing nuclear waste, and from toxic waste dumping in rivers to shrinking groundwater resources. But the question is can India tackle the enduring environmental nightmare? In this monograph of essays, the author, who is an environmental scientist, has outlined all about India’s nature conservation including workable scientific eco-solutions to solve the looming survival crisis facing humanity.