Reintroduction is an increasingly popular tool used for endangered species conservation. Since many wild populations are declining, captive-bred stock are frequently used to restore or supplement wild populations. This book evaluates the efficacy of using captive-bred animals in reintroductions as well as which aspects of captivity may affect success. Reviewing recent carnivore reintroduction projects revealed that captive-born animals were significantly less likely to survive release into the wild than their wild- caught translocated counterparts. Further research examining captive breeding suggests that both adaptation to captivity and inbreeding depression occur quickly in captive populations and likely have a negative impact on reintroduction success. Applying selection criteria may help improve likelihood of survivorship and overall reintroduction success. Results suggest that unsuitability for release can be predicted by generational time in captivity. Recommendations for future captive breeding for conservation efforts are discussed as well as how these findings contribute to future conservation efforts.