Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Cerebral cortex is a 1–4 mm thick gray cellular mantle covering most of the cerebral hemispheres, responsible for higher brain functions, such as sensation, memory, creativity, language, voluntary muscle movement etc. A vital part of the brain, the cerebral cortex seems to be according to scientists, the place where most major neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, Corticobasal degeneration, aphasia and other degenerative diseases may occur. However, new research carried on cerebral cortex and human skin cells provide new insights on future potential treatment of brain-related disorders. Learn more about the cerebral cortex, its structure and evolution in this book.