Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney declared on March, 27th 2012 Russia "without question, our No. 1 geopolitical foe". Is Russia still such a threat for the US and the West as in the times of Cold War? Russia has repeatedly announced its peaceful intentions. There is also an ongoing process of incremental disarmament between the old Cold War rivals. At the first sight, Russia is a valuable and cooperative partner for West. At the second sight, there are many unanswered questions about Russian attitude towards the arms control and disarmament. The goal of this work is to trace the continuity and change in Russia's policy of arms control and disarmament.