Although global contact and the influence of Western culture have created similarities between children at different parts of the world, diversities can also clearly be observed. This accentuates children’s own role in constructing their culture and the fact that they are actively involved in interpreting the cultural aspects they deal with in their every day life. this book examines the first years of life at different historical periods in Saudi Arabia, and trace the gradual emergence of a new understanding of children and childhood. In a sense, it is looking at the evidence for the creation of a Western type childhood within the Saudi Arabian context. It aims to investigate and provide evidence regarding the continuities and changes in children’s socialization, with a special focus on being a girl, in tradition and contemporary Saudi Society.