Nowadays, the requirements in terms of communication are increasing exponentially and getting more diverse. The transmission data rates must be high while maintaining very good quality of service (QoS) despite the very hostile propagation channels. Generally, transmissions that are carried out on mobile radio channels are selective both in time and frequency. To overcome the channel selectivity and allows high transmission data rates, the Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard makes use of the Multiple Input Multiple Output-Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) technique. By implementing this technique in the context of mobile transmission, new approaches for time and frequency synchronization, equalization and channel estimation are needed. This book focuses on the study, modeling and development of efficient channel estimation techniques for broadband mobile radio channels and specifically for LTE systems. This book is interesting for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in the field of wireless communication systems. The professional engineers will find also this book useful in improving and designing new wireless communication systems.