The main motivation for this dessertation was the need to discover, develop and bring to the knowlegde of the academia as well as the general public, the existence of a cheaper and alternative source of protein within the western sub-region of Africa and in particular, Nigeria. The findings of this research work, I believe, will bring about a significant impact on the well being of the individual who embrace the potentials of this bean. I therefore strongly recommend this write up for anyone who is interested in exploring the nutritional as well as the commercial potential of kidney beans. Anyone interested in further developing the findings put forth in this write up is welcome to do so. Bearing in mind that whatever we are able to discover today will ensure that we leave a legacy behind for future generation of researchers to be build upon. I consider it a priviledge to be able to contribute my quota by means of this research work.