In view of the rapid increase in energy demand along with commensurate increase in emission of sulphur and nitrogen compounds to the atmosphere, it is of interest to examine the balance of acidifying and neutralizing components in both wet and dry precipitation. Acid rain undoubtedly became a key environmental issue now a day. It created much public and media interest as other major environmental issues like global warming and greenhouse gases. Acid rain affects human and animal health in many ways. Aggravated breathing and lung problems in children and adults having asthma have been linked to acidic precursor gases.Critical literature survey indicated that there is an increasing trend of acidification of precipitation in rainwater. Therefore, it is imperative that the long-term studies at the rural background station should continue to know the actual position in future. The only way to know the composition of precipitation is to analyze the wet deposits of a place for their physical and chemical characters. Keeping in view the above fact the present book reports the chemical composition of rainwater in a rural place of India.