Taking into consideration the causes and consequences of the child labor, the situation reflects an extremely cruel social situation which engulfs socially, economically and educationally backward communities. The problem of child labor as existing in our society has given rise to multidimensional problems having adverse implications on the physical, social, emotional, moral and educational development of these children. It emerges that the socio-economical condition is one of the major factors for child labor in Srinagar.The growth and worries about unemployment and ignorance of parents make it a complicated issue.Unemployment also plays an important role in it as many parents think it is better to impart skills to their children than to provide them education as they feel education may not necessarily fetch them a job. Despite several welfare legislation enacted so far by the government from time to time to weed out this problem, the problem still persists. A change in social attitude besides social awareness is needed to discourage the practice of child labor.