Revision with unchanged content. Millennium Development Goals, set the global agenda for human develop?ment in order to improve the well-being of populations, and in doing so, assigned priority to children. When stakes in global economic competition are too high, and when resources are limited, expanding opportunities of future generations becomes all the more crucial for the developing countries. Children?s work, as much as it may carry an economic value, is also a social relation, and this book attempts to show that cross-cultural diversity in children?s lives need not prevent identifying and studying the common factors that affect children. The main argument of the book is that focusing attention only on the child?s labor market participation provides only a partial understanding of the variety of work children perform and of the conditions under which the right to education continues to be only a dream for many children. This book targets the students interested in development economics, professionals who work with child laborers, and activists who promote schooling in developing countries.