China clay is fine white clay resulting from the alteration of feldspars. It is unique industrial mineral and it is known for its low velocity, low plasticity, non abrasiveness, good brightness and opacity and low hit and electric conductivity. In India it is found in West Bengal, Rajyasthan, Orissa, Bihar, Gujrat, Andra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. In the West Bengal, Birbhum is the vital supply center. Here, the china clay mines are found in Kharia, Mocdam Nagar, Komarpur, Angargaria, Md. Bazar. The study mainly centers on the socio economic profile of the mine workers and the mining activity as a whole. Mining is mainly carried out through open cast method. There after the mined material is processed through several stages like washing, settling drying and pulverizing. All the processes except washing are carried out solely by manual labour. With the increased sophistication in the user industry, demand will continue to grow for highly processed and refined quality china clay. Any investment planning and subsequent market strategies rely on the forecasts and analysis over all economic development of the country and the impact level of these trends in major consumer industries.