It is a common (mis)perception that emerging donors such as China provide unconditional aid with “no strings attached”, thereby undermining the development efforts of traditional donors. However, little is currently known about China’s development aid and the implied implications for conditionalities. Therefore, the objective of this book is to contribute to the limited literature concerning Chinese development aid and conditionalities. In order to do so, a comparative analysis of Chinese, EU and Danish development aid, followed by an analysis of the implications of Chinese aid on traditional donors’ ability to set conditions is undertaken. The study is designed as a qualitative study and builds on interviews conducted with relevant stakeholders representing the donor countries and the recipient. The analysis points to several interesting and surprising conclusions and helps shed some light on Chinese development aid and its impact on traditional donors’ ability to set conditions. This book is especially useful to professionals and scholars in the fields of development aid and international politics.