This volume is a mongraph which was submitted and passed as PhD dissertation at Tumaini University Makumira 2008. The author revisits both the practice and Church discipline in the Lutheran Central Diocese whether they are consistent with Martin Luther's understanding of law and Gospel in connection to justification by faith and his ecclesiology. To know if the Church's practice points to Christ, the author analyses it within its actual historical and human context in local parish.He first investigated the Anilamba traditional practice and the Missionaries' Church discipline,which are the roots of the Lutheran Central Diocese practice of Church discipline. Then the author made a systematic analysis of Luther's theology which is used as the standard to the Christian understanding of the nature of a Congregation to judge the Tanzanian Lutheran Church's practice of Church discipline. Finally the author made suggestions for the best way to approach Church discipline. This is a book for students of theology, pastors, scholars, and ordinary Christians who seek proper understanding of the Christian faith.