Cervical cancer is an important health problem world-wide, being the second most common malignancy in women. It remains a leading cause of cancer related death for women in developing countries. A number of important epidemiological risk factors have been identified as contributing factors to the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Cervical cancer screening aims to lower the incidence and mortality rates of the disease. Better understanding of the natural history of cervical cancer precursors leads to the better management of most women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Proper diagnosis criteria including appropriate cytologic testing, colposcopy and biopsy have been used to obtain good therapeutic results. Egypt is one of the most populous countries in the world. It has one of the longest histories of any modern state, having been continuously inhabited since the 10th millennium BC. It is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Most of its territory of 1,010,000 square kilometers lies within the Nile Valley of North Africa.