The purpose of this study is to develop an approach to research on civic engagement and service learning in Kenya. This research therefore examines the role of Kenyan Universities in preparing students for civic engagement, active citizenship and leadership. The study explores historical, political and cultural events, beliefs, attitudes, and policies that have shaped the mission of higher education in Kenya and describes how these influence the perception of role of Kenyan Universities in preparing students for civic engagement, citizenship and leadership through community service. This research thus takes into consideration multiple perspectives of varying University stakeholders and provides an innovative research design that values the ‘voice’ of the marginalized and other stakeholders who are to varying extents affected by the functions of the University but are often not consulted in the process of evaluating the role and relevance of the University. The findings of this research are oriented towards informing policy making by educators, researchers, practitioners and community partners in various sectors of society.