Quite frequently these days’ people talk of climate and/or climatic hazards and their impacts on living things in general and human being in particular. People talk about hurricanes, flooding, draughtiness, thunderstorm, hail storm etc., Understanding of these conditions and their impacts need a vast and comprehensive knowledge on climatology and biogeography. This book introduces to readers the basic conditions and processes which shape and influence our climate as well as the distribution of living things in our planet. The book is primarily intended to serve as a text book for undergraduate student who are taking geography. Also, it is hoped that the book shall provide the guidelines for all interested on climatology and biogeography; secondary school students, college students, teachers and lecturers, agriculturalist, researchers and political readers.