Quality education is a fundamental base to the development of any society. It mainly depends on the quality of teacher. This is particularly true of primary education, when children are not yet at the stage of learning on their own. To improve the teachers'' teaching performance, several changes have been made in the Ethiopian teacher training system. Despite all of the efforts made, the concern for quality teacher training is still prevailing in the country. Therefore, this research work investigate the efforts being made and the major challenges faced in implementing the cluster Teacher Training program. on top of this,it provides valuable information to the different concerned bodies and researchers about the new cluster teacher training program of Ethiopia.