Global fugitive methane emissions from coal sector accounts for 8 % annually of global methane emissions from human activities, representing the loss of a valuable energy resource. Coal mine methane recovery and use represents a cost-effective means of significantly reducing methane emissions from coal mining, while increasing mine safety and improving mine economics. The world’s ten largest coal producers, including Poland, are responsible for 90% of global methane emissions. Poland’s methane emissions from coal mining contribute a large percent to the global as well as country’s total greenhouse gas emissions. This publication provides information concerning methane recovery technologies as well as the potential for expanding coal mine methane recovery in Poland.