This book explores the impacts of climate change on ecosystems and coping strategies of the people of rural Nepal. It attempts to reveal the ways of knowledge transfer from one generation to the next. It is based on people's perception towards climate change and their responses with adapting and mitigating strategies. The information was obtained through field notes, survey form, interviews, observation, interviews with key informants, focus group discussion and relevant documents. Data were also collected from Department of Hydrology and Meteorology. Less rainfall with erratic pattern was reported from study locations. Excessive increase in relative humidity was reported. The finding also clearly notified that there were hazardous calamities like landslide, floods and GLOFs. It is concluded that the coping strategies that had already been followed by people of older generation such as crop rotation, rain water harvesting, cash crop farming and hybridization on plants and livestock should be kept in local curriculum in order to transfer the knowledge to younger generation so that they could learn and improve it to cope with the negative impacts of climate variability.