Formed in 1901, the Commonwealth of Australia is unique in many ways. Among the largest countries in the world it is the only one occupying a whole continent, its relative isolation resulting in an incredibly diverse and endemic flora and fauna. First discovered by the Dutch in 1606, the continent remained unsettled by Europeans until late 18th century. Today Australia is a strong liberal democracy with an advanced market economy and a wealth of natural resources. Learn more about the Commonwealth of Australia, its history, politics, economy and unique wildlife in this book.