Community Forestry (CF) in Nepal represents arguably the most advanced and progressive model worldwide for the participatory management of natural resources. Given the importance of CF resources, we have surprisingly little empirically based knowledge on absolute and relative importance of CF income generated to the households and the influencing factors for their participation on resource management. Therefore, this book attempts to fill this gap using the primary data collected through household survey and analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings suggest that CF income contributed an average of 7.4% of the total household income, which is equal to 56% of the total forest income. Level of participation on forest management and their dependence on CF resources are influenced by several social, economic and biophysical factors. The results and arguments presented in this book are imperative to the policy- makers and will also be of interest to students and professionals working in the sector of natural resource management, or else who have interest on socio-economic issues of CF in Nepal.