The concept of community participation in development becomes crucial aspect in relation to sustainable development. Both local and international community''s advocate for people involvement in development processes. The need for people ? centered development is highly recognized in the last few decades, the development should focus on people and not things. Traditional top- down approach to development process is no longer valid; more effort is taken to use bottom-up approach to development. This book, therefore, provide a critical analysis of the community participation in improving primary school education in Tanzania. The need to improve primary education in Tanzania is to meet UN Millennium Development Goal related which insist on Universal Primary Education (UPE). The book explains in details on how communities participate in primary schools development. Target: professionals in development studies, students of development and community participation, government ministries, development practitioners, Local and International NGOs involve in development or anyone who is interested in community participation and sustainable development.