Research is a never ending process where the researcher explores the situation to find out new from the existing environment. The purpose of this study was to examine the development of coping mechanism and social competence among the primary school children in Odisha. The findings revealed that the culture, gender and age has significant role on the type and strategy of coping mechanism children use and their development of different kinds of social competence. Children in the urban culture used an integrated coping style, while children in the rural and tribal culture used more believe and somatic coping styles. Further more, urban children seemed to use appraisal focused coping strategy while rural and tribal children used more problem focused coping strategy. With regard to development of social competence urban children were significantly ahead of rural children were ahead of tribal children.