This book is a product of guided research meant to analyze competitiveness and agricultural export performance of the biggest black nation in the world. The focus export crops, cocoa and rubber are the only agricultural export commodities Nigeria enjoys comparative advantage in over time. The study was conducted by seasoned scholars with great expertise in econometric modelling and time series analysis. The study period cuts across major development milestones of the country. This masterpiece is a sure guide and companion to researchers, policy makers, academics as well as students both undergraduates and postgraduates interested in agricultural exports from the developing world.