Thinking about the term “21st Century,” one assumes a false perception about freedom: one thinks nation-states will have the interest of the population. Burma’s recent delineation as a democratic nation perpetuates this assumption. However, upon closer examination, it is clear that Burma lacks the regulations necessary to uphold citizens’ human rights, humanitarian policies and international laws regarding citizens and refugees. The unchecked civil unrest in Burma continues to run rampant, especially in ethnic-specific communities. As evidenced by the continued violence against the Rohingya Muslims, Burma has been unable to obtain a ceasefire agreement. The Rohingya Muslims are plagued with years of oppression, which has since escalated to a level of genocide. The international community has voiced concerns about the situation in Burma, but numerous political obstacles prevent direct confrontation of the Burmese government. In order to move progressively forward, the Burmese military must work towards developing a level of trust with the civilians and with refugees. The government of Burma must acknowledge that torture and other humanitarian violations are taking place.