Motivation has been researched in relation to language learning in the computer-assisted language learning (CALL) context in recent years. This book explores English as second language (ESL) learners’ language learning processes on computers for developing listening and speaking skills. The author investigated the extent to which CALL may motivate learners to take charge of their own learning, associated with learner autonomy, and enhance their language learning. This book is based on a study at two UK university language centres, concerning students’ working individually on computers. The results suggest that both students and teachers found it beneficial to work on CALL programs for individual study to develop students’ listening and speaking skills for several key reasons, relating to ‘Motivation’.