This book draws on the fieldwork on conflicting land use and management strategies in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) which is one of the world''s most important heritage sites. Conflicts in this area have persisted since its inception in 1959. The fieldwork for this publication employed qualitative research methods to evaluate the extent of these conflicts and to explore prospects for reconciling the differences. Findings have revealed that the conflicts are complex and dynamic and are due to competing interests and priorities over land uses and management of the NCA. The overriding issue in the NCA is how to balance conservation objectives against the needs of the indigenous Maasai who wish to utilize land and other resources to sustain their livelihoods and foster their socio-economic developments. This book is ideally for those interested in integration of conservation and development projects. It includes important discussions about policy implication of land tenure and the place of co-management in protected areas.