The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) is initiated by African leaders in order to breach the development gaps between western and African countries; while, in the meantime, the U.S.A runs the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) to boost African trade with the U.S. Unfortunately; neither the NEPAD or the AGOA takes, in real terms, into account one or the other program despite the fact they look to African development. This book asks the question of why African leaders did not integrate the AGOA initiative into the NEPAD program and vice-versa. It suggests some tracks of solution in order to overcome the gaps between these two initiatives which aim to tackle the African development issues. Unlike the thesis version, the book's considers also the gender question on top of the Diaspora's analyzed in the thesis.