Upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is a major cash crop in the world. Cotton improvement can be accomplished by favorable combination of genes in cotton varieties through hybridization. This book covers study of inheritance of different yield contributing and fiber quality traits in upland cotton. Additive-dominance model was applied to understand gene action involved in the traits studied. This work explores the genetic behavior of these traits in upland cotton and will help cotton breeders to choose suitable parents for hybridization in their genetic improvement programs of cotton. This book will also be proved a guide for students of plant breeding and genetics who are working or planning to work on cotton crop.