This book Decentralization and teachers welfare, explains the effects of Decentralization by Devolution on Teachers Management and professional Development. The aims of decentralization were to send administrative powers to local areas so as to reduce the disturbances of teachers traveling long ways from their working centers to the Ministerial centers looking for their rights and different official matters. It is to be taken into consideration that one can not talk about Quality Education without putting teachers into special consideration. Teachers have both physical, social as well as psychological needs. In order for them to work comfortably these needs must be fulfilled. With the introduction of Decentralization it was expected that all matters concerning teachers management and professional Development support will be provided at the local areas, as all powers on administration and financial decisions were sent to local areas. The issue of recruitment was also left on Local Administrative authorities. Any Government which cares about Quality Education, must first care about teacher's needs!