Northern Ethiopia and Tigray region in particular is one of the most degraded areas in the world. Several intervention measures to rehabilitate the degraded environment have been implemented since the 1980s. This book provides political ecology readers with a glimpse of the situation in the Northern highlands of Ethiopia. Environmental degradation and its causes, solutions designed to reduce degradation and the effectiveness of the solutions/measures are explored from the perspective of different actors and mainly the local farmers. It applied the political ecology approach with an extended ethnographic fieldwork in the area.