This thesis examines aspects of utopianism and agency in Marmaduke Pickthall’s semi-fictional travel narrative Oriental Encounters (1917) in relation to his life, ideologies, and as a manifestation of the social, political, and cultural realities of the Victorian/Edwardian era. Oriental Encounters reflects the utopian revival, in the form of Social Utopianism, occurring in Orientalism during this era. Favourable comments on Arabic and Turkish society and customs contrast with dissent towards British society, customs, and politics. Oriental Encounters is a pivotal transitional text in Pickthall’s written works because the time of its production marks the end of Pickthall’s focus on the Turks and Arabs. It is also the key to understanding the forces at work during his formative years which influenced his idiosyncratic political and social ideologies as an adult. Written during a time of “personal stress and other preoccupations” (Clark 101), Oriental Encounters is nevertheless full of excitement and adventure.