Interoperability is the ability of software and hardware on various machines from various vendors to communicate with each other without significant changes to either side. A Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is an application framework that commonly use model for IT infrastructure in various fields and also takes everyday business applications thus breaking them down into individual business functions and processes called services. These implementations have a wide variety of disparate products, such as enterprise service bus, application server and registry from different manufacturers. Interoperability cannot be guaranteed due to various reasons like differences in the versions of Web Service standards and specifications supported, differences in error handling mechanisms, differences in protocol support etc. Before an enterprise decides on its SOA enabled products, the interoperability between them should be tested against at least a couple of business processes .In this book the design of an industrial communication system is wholly discussed looking at the performance, interoperability and optimization of cost.