Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa next to Nigeria. According to Population and Housing Census (2007) the population Ethiopia was 77.1 million. The annual population growth rate was predicted at 2.7 percent showing that the country has a very high total fertility rate. This book,therefore, provide the effect of socio-demographic factors on fertility level in Ethiopia using Binary Logistic Regression Analysis. The findings are believed to be useful for policy making, monitoring and evaluation activities of the government and different concerned agencies.