Apiculture is the most important source of household income. This book briefly explains the determinants of improved box hive adoption by the beekeepers; and financial benefits of adopting improved box hive technology. The empirical study rectify that use of credit, Knowledge, educational level of household head, perception and apiary visit were found to be positively and significantly influencing adoption of improved box hive. with respect to financial benefit, the beekeepers financially benefited owing to deciding to adopt improved box hive. The total benefit found from improved box hives exceeds the benefit from traditional hive by more than twice. With reference to comparison made on the perception of relative advantage and disadvantage of improved box hive, it was found that beekeepers have positive perception about improved box hive, which is a good opportunity for beekeeping extension intervention program.