Economic development in Ethiopia is hampered by many factors among which land degradation in the form of soil erosion and nutrient depletion is the major one, and it is threatening the overall sustainability of agricultural production of the country. Land degradation in the form of soil erosion and nutrient depletion in the highlands of Ethiopia has reached the point where it will became increasingly difficult even to maintain the present level of production of basic food which is already insufficient in many regions of the country. The topography of the land together with the misuse/ mismanagement of natural resource including the fauna and flora in third world country like Ethiopia create the environment harsh to live from time to time. This entail to have appropriate land use policy, program, strategy measure that considers the socio-economic, biotic and topography of the area as well as farmers own preferences. Moreover awareness creation, training and education at both levels should be timely agenda.