The major purpose of this study was to collect baseline data to be used in developing a comprehensive guidance and counselling programme for students with special educational needs in special education secondary schools and vocational rehabilitation training centres in Kenya. This was a quantitative study which involved collecting baseline data using personal orientation inventory (POI) a standardized instrument which consists of 150 paired opposing statements to measure these” students values” and behaviours which are viewed to be important in self-actualized persons. The population of the study was drawn from four purposively selected provinces viz: Eastern, Nyanza and Nairobi because of their higher percentage of special education institutions. Eight districts and two divisions were randomly selected from the four provinces. A total of 229 first and final year students aged between 13-26 years old were randomly sampled for the study. Data collected were analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS).