This book ia comprehensive text for the PG students who take research on aerobic rice breeding which emphasizes low water input with high yield. There are exclusive features which differentiates from other books targeting drought tolerance as the main concept. The language of the book is very simple. It includes introduction which explains the importance and objective of this aerobic rice hybrids, review of literature dealing with wide research so far carried out in diifferent conditions,materials and methods clearly focusses on the methodology that is believed to render better understanding of the experiments that is concerned from the scientific point of several researches, experimental results bringing out the outcome of the experiment conducted, discussion includes the pros and cons of the results,summary of the whole research and comprehensive list of reference at the end provides access to range of literature for the interested researchers. The salient feature of this book is that it has covered all the important areas of aerobic rice improvement involving both conventional and molecular approach in selection of best parents and selecting best hybrids.