Diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy are at a higher risk of developing foot infection and ulcer. Diabetic foot is one of the most serious complications leading to poor quality of life even a higher risk of mortality. It is a leading cause of hospital bed occupancy and account for substantial health care, costs and resources. This book will explore the proportion of peripheral neuropathy among newly diagnosed type II diabetes patients attending primary care clinic and their risk factors. The prevalence of peripheral neuropathy was 8.7%. The significant risk factors were age and retinopathy. Those who had retinopathy were 5.51 times of having neuropathy and every one year increase in age, there will be 1.11 times of having neuropathy. We recommend for the detection of the peripheral neuropathy, monofilament testing should be done to all type II diabetic patients at diagnosis so that the preventive measure could be taken to prevent diabetic foot complication. This book should give valuable information for future research and to professionals who managing diabetes.