A disaster brings not only devastation and human suffering, but inevitable confusion. Disaster is a strong word that brings to mind earthquakes, raging torrents and hurricanes, which may be unlikely in some parts of the world but makes us acutely aware of our vulnerabilities. Planning for disaster therefore, is essential for all organizations holding information resources. Though the recognition of the subject of disaster planning is very low in the consciousness of many Libraries, it is vital business-need and of prime importance to the security of our historical collection. This book discusses such issues as awareness of disaster in Libraries, measurement of the state of preparedness, response and recovery in the event of disaster as well as the existence of disaster plan in Libraries with emphasis on three Nigerian Libraries. The analysis should serve as a useful resource for students, researchers and professionals in Libraries, Archives and Information Centres.