Since the system of Ayurveda classifies most diseases predominantly based on the symptoms, it categorizes both Crohn''s disease and ulcerative colitis in the disease called ''Pravaahika'', and hence these two conditions have been clubbed here together for a common overview of their Ayurvedic treatment. Treatment is aimed at correcting the basic pathology of the diseases, controlling symptoms, preventing or reducing complications and boosting the immune system of the body. Crohn''s disease and ulcerative colitis are both inflammatory bowel diseases which can be painful and debilitating, and sometimes may lead to life- threatening complications. Common symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain and cramping, blood in the stool, ulcers, reduced appetite and weight loss, and fistula or abscess. Heredity and an abnormal immune system are believed to be the common causes of these conditions. Ulcerative colitis affects the innermost lining of the large intestine and rectum in continuous stretches; whereas Crohn''s disease occurs in patches anywhere in the digestive tract, and often spreads deep into the layers of the tissues.