Economic affluence of a country is contingent with sustainable uses of its natural resources. Different governments are considering the various sources of energy to realize their supply of demand for producing electricity. A development project can only go forward if the project is developed in a sustainable manner. This book, based on Phulbari Open-pit Coal Project in Bangladesh, examines various patterns of coal mine development from the point of view of environmental justice and human rights paradigms. An open-pit mine needs a large scale displacement of local people from their agricultural lands which leads to violation of human rights and securities. The book identifies the recognition of indigenous communities of the area and their participation in decision making were severely ignored. This research based book attempts to delineate the economic and political interests prevalent both within the government and the MNC by analyzing the neo-liberalism discourse within this context. The analysis of this book should help researchers who are working on environmental justice, energy and indigenous people’s rights issues or anyone else who are may be considering it is important.