The current study attempts to contribute to the debate on formation of the EU energy policy towards Russia. The main purpose of the research is to establish, how the EU Member States'' perception of Russia influences their energy policy choices and contributes to the formation of the official EU position in the EU-Russia energy relations. The issue is analyzed from the constructivist perspective, thus departing from the assumption that international relations are a social construction, where identities and perceptions of the actors substantially influence the actual decision making. The research question is answered by means of analysis of official positions of the two EU Member States (Germany and Poland) and the EU itself concerning the two recent cases on the EU-Russia energy relations agenda. The two considered cases are the Nord Stream gas pipeline construction and the Russia-Ukraine gas dispute – 2009.