The heavy dependency on traditional energy resource, for household energy consumption, in Ethiopia is resulting sever environmental degradation. Identifying the very factors that resulted heavy dependence on traditional energy resource may help to address the problem through, mainly by, creating public awareness. Schools are the very short route to get the general public since any household at least can be represented in the school by a single student. Therefore, this book, which assesses students'' awareness of and views about the crucial problems of energy crisis in Ethiopia in general and in Harari regional state in particular is hoped to be a valuable sources of information that may be considered by any organizations which aim to have an interest in making schools more productive to address such environmental problems. For policy makers and curricula designers, the findings of the book show, the literacy level of students regarding energy consumption and domestic energy consumption pattern of the study area that may help to fill the gap, if any, in the policy in general and curricula materials in particular.