Poverty research findings in Less Developed Countries have revealed a strong relationship between poverty and lack of access to quality water. This has generated concerns by International Development Frameworks such as the Millennium Development Goals to focus on poverty alleviation and sustainable environmental management. The relationship between water scarcity and levels of poverty is well articulated in this book. In Kenya, access to adequate water and sanitation services are obviously central to the achievement of Kenyan Vision 2030 and MDGs. It is relevant to note that improved water is an important for poverty eradication as well as sustainable development. Water poverty represents a key challenge to Kenya, and more so the community around the Lake Victoria Basin whose livelihoods depend on exploitation of water resources. Policy recommendations of the book shall be of interest to experts, consultants, researchers and planners water resource management and development. The book is of immediate use to the students of water governance, politics of water, environmental science, geography and social sciences both at undergraduate and post-graduate levels.